Corneal Abrasion Symptoms & Causes

What is a corneal abrasion?

Be Eye Wise and know that a corneal abrasion is exactly that – a scratch on your eye’s cornea. The cornea is a clear, round dome covering your eye’s iris and pupil. Since the cornea focuses light coming into the eye, any abrasion can diminish vision and should, therefore, be addressed quickly. To learn all you can about corneal abrasion, please schedule an appointment with a Northwest Eye doctor. Because the more you know, the better you see.

Symptoms of a corneal abrasion can be:

  • Pain, which may feel worse when you open or close your eye
  • A feeling that there is something in your eye.
  • Tearing.
  • Redness.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Blurred vision or loss of vision.
  • Headache.

Causes of a corneal abrasion can be:

  • Foreign matter gaining access to the eye or stuck under the eyelid (dirt, sawdust, ash, etc.).
  • Accidental impact to the eye.
  • Improperly fitted or maintained contact lenses.
  • Rubbing your eyes vigorously, especially if you feel something is caught in your eye.
  • Trachoma, a bacterial eye infection.
  • Undergoing surgery under general anesthesia.

Treating a corneal abrasion:

Minor corneal abrasion will heal on its own in a few days. Sometimes, it may be necessary to use antibiotic eye drops, a prescribed ointment in your eyes or steroid eye drops to reduce inflammation and reduce the chance of scarring. Your Northwest Eye Clinic doctor will advise you on the best course of action to correct your corneal abrasion.