Refractive Error

What are refractive errors?

Be Eye Wise and learn that refractive errors are a broad category of eye conditions related to diminished vision caused by the shape of the eye. Nearly all eye refraction issues can be addressed through laser eye surgery such as LASIK and PRK, as well as non-surgical treatment such as contact lenses or eyewear.

The most common refractive errors are:

  • Myopia (nearsightedness): Clear vision close but blurry in the distance.
  • Hyperopia (farsightedness): Clear vision in the distance, but blurry up close.
  • Presbyopia: Inability to focus up close as a result of aging.
  • Astigmatism: Focus issues caused by the cornea.


The most common treatments around eye refraction include:

To learn all you can about eye refraction and refractive errors, please schedule an appointment with a Northwest Eye ophthalmologist. Because the more you know, the better you see.